The rapid evolution of management knowledge has enabled organizations to marshal geographically distributed human, physical and financial resources more effectively than at any time previously. New approaches to organizing, decision making and communicating have been central to these developments and are as important to raising standards of living as progress in science and computer technology.
Managers fill a variety of roles and functions to coordinate to accomplish organizational purposes. Processes such as decision making are essential in all organizations, including businesses, government agencies and nonprofit groups. Since managers work with and through individuals, small groups and whole organizations, students developing a concentration in management will benefit from increasing their understanding of human behavior, including behavior grounded in cultures others than their own.
Managers draw on analytical tools and theory from a variety of disciplines that provide diverse intellectual tools for understanding, predicting, allocating and controlling. A well-designed program in management will include learning grounded in several academic disciplines (e.g., economics, psychology, sociology and mathematics) that will hone such tools.
Management is important in a variety of institutional settings, from educational to penal to social services. As an academic focus, management is both an area within business and public administration, and a body of knowledge that transcends institutional settings.
Students pursuing careers in business or public institutions may wish to choose between a management concentration and a business administration or public administration concentration, which maintain separate guidelines. These two concentrations, within their respective institutional settings (business or public sector), require broader preparation than a management concentration:
Note: The terms "management" or "manager" are used in the private sector. "Administration" or "administrator" are the comparable terms used in the public sector.
In developing proposed educational plans leading to the award of a bachelor's degree with a concentration in management, it is recommended that students consider educational preparation in three broad areas:
Appropriate studies from broad areas of knowledge, such as those listed below, will provide breadth in learning as well as a solid foundation in relevant disciplinary theory, concepts and frameworks that may prove helpful in understanding and applying organizational and management concepts.
The areas of knowledge:
In general, students concentrating on business management will be well served by acquiring knowledge of all, or most, of the areas designated for business administration.